The use of cisplatin in patients after kidney transplantation with chronic renal insufficiency Is the benefit higher than potential risks in therapy of non-seminomatous germ cell tumors?
|Year of publication||2021|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Medicine|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Keywords||cisplatin; germ-cell tumor; nephrotoxicity; treatment|
|Description||Rationale: The use of cisplatin in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is risky and depends on a number of factors. The optimal procedure in stage I of a non seminomatous germ cell tumor without proven lymphangioinvasion after orchiectomy is controversial and is the subject of a number of discussions due to the lack of randomized studies assessing individual treatment options. The adjuvant method of choice is surveillance or application of cisplatin-based chemotherapy with the risk of treatment related nephrotoxicity. Information about cisplatin safety in renal transplant patients is particularly limited. The aim of this paper is to share the experience with the application of adjuvant chemotherapy Bleomycin, Etoposide, Cisplatin (BEP) in high-risk patient with nonseminoma after kidney transplantation. Patient concerns: We report a case report of rare group of high-risk patient with non-seminomatous germ cell testicular tumor (NSGCT) after kidney transplantation before application of adjuvant chemotherapy BEP. Patient presented with month-long discomfort in the scrotal area. Previously, he was treated with chronic kidney disease based on chronic glomerulonephritis, which was treated with repeated kidney transplantation. Diagnosis: The ultrasound examination for a month-long discomfort in the scrotal area found a solid mass of the left testis. Radical inguinal orchiectomy confirmed NSGCT with the presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Postoperative staging with computed tomography of the chest and abdomen did not show obvious dissemination of the disease. Interventions: Reducing original dose of chemotherapeutics according to the recommendations of the summary of product characteristics led to only a transient increase in creatinine levels. Outcomes: The 5-year risk of relapse in surveillance was reduced to around 3% by applying cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Lessons: Application of cisplatin-based chemotherapy is safe and effective in patients with CKD and in patients with a kidney transplant.|