Aminophylline at clinically relevant concentrations affects inward rectifier potassium current in a dual way
|Year of publication
|Article in Periodical
|Magazine / Source
|Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology
|MU Faculty or unit
|Aminophylline Inward rectifier; Dual effect; Arrhythmia; Fibrillation; Population channel model
|Bronchodilator aminophylline may induce atrial or less often ventricular arrhythmias. The mechanism of this proarrhythmic side effect has not been fully explained. Modifications of inward rectifier potassium (Kir) currents including IK1 are known to play an important role in arrhythmogenesis; however, no data on the aminophylline effect on these currents have been published. Hence, we tested the effect of aminophylline (3–100 µM) on IK1 in enzymatically isolated rat ventricular myocytes using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. A dual steady-state effect of aminophylline was observed; either inhibition or activation was apparent in individual cells during the application of aminophylline at a given concentration. The smaller the magnitude of the control IK1, the more likely the activation of the current by aminophylline and vice versa. The effect was reversible; the relative changes at?-50 and?-110 mV did not differ. Using IK1 channel population model, the dual effect was explained by the interaction of aminophylline with two different channel populations, the first one being inhibited and the second one being activated. Considering various fractions of these two channel populations in individual cells, varying effects observed in the measured cells could be simulated. We propose that the dual aminophylline effect may be related to the direct and indirect effect of the drug on various Kir2.x subunits forming the homo- and heterotetrameric IK1 channels in a single cell. The observed IK1 changes induced by clinically relevant concentrations of aminophylline might contribute to arrhythmogenesis related to the use of this bronchodilator in clinical medicine.