The effects of foliar application of phenoxy and imidazoline family herbicides on the limitation of primary photosynthetic processes in Galega orientalis L.
|Year of publication||2022|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Agronomy|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Keywords||chlorophyll fluorescence; L-band; OJIP; photosystem II; stress|
|Description||Fodder galega (Galega orientalis) is a perennial, wintering plant with great potential for agricultural development. The species has a large yield potential and exceptional adaptability to various environmental conditions. The sensitivity of G. orientalis to herbicides, however, as well as the photosynthetic performance of the species, are generally unknown. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of the application of selected phenoxy herbicides (MCPA, MCPB) and the imidazoline family herbicide (IMA) on the parameters of primary photosynthetic processes as understood through fast chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics (OJIP). The effect of cultivation temperature was also investigated in the plants grown at 5, 18 and 25 degrees C. Time courses of OJIP-derived parameters describing photosystem II functioning after foliar application revealed that the plants showed negative responses to the herbicides in the order MCPB-MCPA-IMA within 24 h after the application. The application of herbicides decreased the values of maximum chlorophyll fluorescence (F-M) and increased minimum fluorescence (F-0), which led to a reduction in the maximal efficiency of PSII (F-V/F-M). Applications of MCPA and MCPB decreased variable chlorophyll fluorescence at 2 ms (V-J), 30 ms (V-I) and V-P,V- as well as the performance index (PIABS), which is considered a vitality proxy. The application increased absorption flux (ABS/RC), trapped energy flux (TRo/RC) and dissipated energy flux (DIo/RC). The effects were more pronounced in plants grown at 18 and 25 degrees C. The study revealed that the OJIP-derived parameters sensitively reflected an early response of G. orientalis to the foliar application of herbicides. Negative responses of PSII were more apparent in MCPA- and MCPB- exposed plants than IMA-exposed plants.|