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Cost-effectiveness analyses of durvalumab consolidation therapy versus no consolidation therapy after chemoradiotherapy in stage-III NSCLC

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HUSSAIN Mohammad Salman KLUGAROVÁ Jitka KLUGAR Miloslav

Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Lung Cancer
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords Cost-effectiveness; Durvalumab; Lung cancer; Non-small-cell lung cancer; NSCLC; Systematic review
Description Background Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common form of lung cancer. Recently, Durvalumab was approved as a potential immunotherapy for the management of unresectable stage III NSCLC. Economic studies from different parts of the world presented varying findings. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of durvalumab consolidation therapy versus no consolidation therapy in patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC. Methods PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched till March 2022 to identify all the studies assessing the economic evaluation of durvalumab in patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC who had not progressed after chemoradiotherapy. Eligible studies were screened by two reviewers independently and the quality of included studies was evaluated using the updated version of Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS 2022) checklists. All costs were converted to 2022 US dollars ($) by adjusting for the gross domestic product (GDP) deflator index and purchasing power parities for GDP. Results A total of seven studies were found to be eligible for inclusion. The majority of studies were conducted in the US (n = 3), while one study each was conducted in China, Italy, Switzerland, and the UK. The healthcare payers’ perspective was most commonly observed among the included studies and the time horizon varied from 5 years to a lifetime. Three studies received funding from Industry. Four included studies used the Markov model, while two employed the semi-Markov model and, one study used decision-analytic model. The ICER of durvalumab consolidation therapy in the US was found to be in the range of $59,850 to $145,543 per Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALY). Likewise, the ICER of durvalumab in European countries ranged from $62,021 to $76,068 per QALY. The ICER was below the implemented country-specific willingness-to-pay thresholds in all the included studies. Conclusion Durvalumab consolidation therapy was found to be cost-effective compared to no consolidation therapy after chemoradiotherapy in stage-III NSCLC patients.
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