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Efficacy and safety of colchicine for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials

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SINGH Ambrish MOLINA-GARCIA Pablo HUSSAIN Mohammad Salman PAUL Alok DAS Siddharth Kumar YING-YING Leung HILL Catherine L DANDA Debashish SAMUELS Jonathan ANTONY Benny

Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Clinical Rheumatology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords Calcium pyrophosphate; Chondrocalcinosis; Colchicine; Osteoarthritis; Osteoarthritis knee
Description Objective Colchicine, an approved treatment for gout, has been trialed in many diseases including osteoarthritis (OA) due to its anti-inflammatory effects. However, its efficacy and safety remain unclear in OA. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of colchicine for the treatment of OA. Methods PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Central were searched from inception through September 2022. Two reviewers independently screened for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing colchicine with placebo or other active comparators for the treatment of OA (knee, hand, or hip OA), extracted data, and performed Cochrane risk of bias assessments. Result Nine RCTs for the knee OA and one for the hand OA were identified, consisting of 847 patients (429 in colchicine arms, 409 in control arms). The studies were conducted between 2002 and 2021 with follow-up periods ranging from 2 to 12 months, in India, Iran, Turkey, Australia, Singapore, and Iraq. Moderate-quality evidence showed no clinically important pain reduction with colchicine compared to control (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI],?-?0.55, 0.22). Moderate-quality evidence showed no improvement in function with colchicine compared to control in knee OA patients (SMD,?-?0.37; 95% CI,?-?0.87, 0.13). Colchicine showed an acceptable safety profile with AEs/SAEs comparable to control. Conclusion Current evidence does not suggest a benefit of colchicine in reducing pain and improving physical function in the overall cohort of hand/knee OA patients. Future trials should focus on the subgroups of OA patients with local or systemic inflammation and/or mineralization who might benefit from colchicine.
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