Animated films can’t stand alone : The quantitative analysis of the distribution of movies made by studio Bratři v triku in Czechoslovakia between 1945 and 1989
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|The Czechoslovak cinematic industry produced thousands of short films of diverse types and genres between 1945 and 1989 when the Communist party was in power. Because of their length, short films needed a different way of distribution than features. Instead of standing alone, they usually formed a part of composed programmes; these programmes could consist of multiple short films or one short film, which served as an attribute for a feature film. One of the most intriguing problems here is the logic and decisions behind the composition of individual programmes. The presented paper will provide a quantitative analysis of the distribution of films produced by the animation studio Bratři v triku as composed programmes during the period mentioned above. I suppose that programming strategy differed throughout the time because it depended on several interconnected influences – personal changes inside the studio (both managerial and creative level), the political situation (e.g. liberalisation in the 1960s or Soviet invasion in 1968) and available technologies (introduction of television, videotapes). The presentation is structured in three sections – introduction to the contemporary Czechoslovak production, analysis of chosen films and conclusion, which will compare the presented case with the production of the Polish studio Se-ma-for. The essential source for the research is the database, which is being built during the research project Animation Studios in Gottwaldov and Lodz (1945/47-1990), led by the Czech-Polish team of researchers from Brno and Łodź. Besides all other information, this database contains filmographic data and references to archival sources. The comparison with Polish data brings an opportunity to compare both industries and find patterns that could be valid in the international context.