Older Adults and ICT Usage during the COVID-19 Pandemic, including Age and Gender Perspectives on Biometric Authorisation / Starejši odrasli in uporaba ikt med pandemijo COVID-19, upoštevajoč starost in spol v pespektivi biometrične avtorizacije
|Title in English
|Older Adults and ICT Usage during the COVID-19 Pandemic, including Age and Gender Perspectives on Biometric Authorisation
|Year of publication
|Chapter of a book
|MU Faculty or unit
|The pressure to practice social and physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in digitisation, the effects of which are only now being explored. Older adults are perceived as a group that are significantly at risk of digital exclusion because their knowledge of modern communication technology is considerably conditioned by age. In this chapter, we analyse the digital literacy of Czech older people during the pandemic and compare it with the digital knowledge of the Czech adult population. Our data was obtained from a survey conducted on the Czech adult population in the autumn of 2020 (n=2341). The results of the survey show differences in ICT literacy by age and gender. Older adults use the Internet and smartphones less often, value their own technological knowledge less, have a lower awareness of biometric authentication, and more negatively evaluate the effects of using technology on personal freedom and control over life. While older women use the Internet and smartphones a little more than older men, their knowledge of biometric authentication is lower, and they have a lower assessment of their own technological competence. In terms of digital exclusion, in older age cohorts the proportion of those who do not use the Internet at all is much higher than it is in younger groups. The decline in use begins in the 50- to 59-year-old cohort. The development of e-government and e-health should therefore be accompanied by an emphasis on education, and the risk of increasing the level of digital exclusion should be considered.