Environmental Apocalypticism, Other Forms of Eco-Extremism, and Their Links to the Left-Wing Extremist Scene
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|The chapter deals with the historical development, the recent character, and the core principles of eco-extremism. The author summarizes the academic and political debate on this topic. The term eco-extremism is defined with the help of the terminological apparatus of research on extremism. The authoritarian and totalitarian elements in eco-extremist thoughts are explained, including their overlaps with various streams of left-wing extremism (anarchism, ideas of autonomous movements, communism, etc.), (quasi-)religious extremism, and other forms of extremism. The recent trends of intolerant and apocalyptic agendas in the politics of a part of the environmental movement are assessed from the point of view of extremism. The author also deals with governmental reaction to these new trends. The future perspective of eco-extremist movements is outlined within the context of various scenarios of the social development of modern societies in the coming years.