Publication details

Arabidopsis flippase ALA3 is required for adjustment of early subcellular trafficking in plant response to osmotic stress



Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Experimental Botany
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Keywords Arabidopsis thaliana; ARF; endocytosis; flippase; GEF; osmotic stress; protein trafficking; secretion
Description To compensate for their sessile lifestyle, plants developed several responses to exogenous changes. One of the previously investigated and not yet fully understood adaptations occurs at the level of early subcellular trafficking, which needs to be rapidly adjusted to maintain cellular homeostasis and membrane integrity under osmotic stress conditions. To form a vesicle, the membrane needs to be deformed, which is ensured by multiple factors, including the activity of specific membrane proteins, such as flippases from the family of P4-ATPases. The membrane pumps actively translocate phospholipids from the exoplasmic/luminal to the cytoplasmic membrane leaflet to generate curvature, which might be coupled with recruitment of proteins involved in vesicle formation at specific sites of the donor membrane. We show that lack of the AMINOPHOSPHOLIPID ATPASE3 (ALA3) flippase activity caused defects at the plasma membrane and trans-Golgi network, resulting in altered endocytosis and secretion, processes relying on vesicle formation and movement. The mentioned cellular defects were translated into decreased intracellular trafficking flexibility failing to adjust the root growth on osmotic stress-eliciting media. In conclusion, we show that ALA3 cooperates with ARF-GEF BIG5/BEN1 and ARF1A1C/BEX1 in a similar regulatory pathway to vesicle formation, and together they are important for plant adaptation to osmotic stress. The interplay of P4-ATPase ALA3, ARF BEX1, and ARF-GEF BEN1 controls vesicle formation at the plasma membrane/trans -Golgi network and the subsequent vesicle trafficking important for the plant response to osmotic stress.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info