Publication details

Asistovaná aktivace oocytů

Title in English Assisted oocyte activation


Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká gynekologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords oocyte; in vitro fertilization; embryo; artifi cial oocyte activation; spermatozoa
Description Objective: Currently, there is a rapid increase in studies on assisted oocyte activation, which can significantly improve the process of in vitro fertilization. Fertilization of oocytes by conventional methods and by intracytoplasmic sperm injection can be affected by insufficient activation of the oocyte. The reason is mainly deviations in the enzymatic equipment of sperm or oocytes or a non-functional activation cascade. In many cases, fertilization can be achieved using artificial oocyte activation by applying calcium ion donors to the oocytes after sperm microinjection. However, opinions on the safety and reliability of this method are not uniform. The aim of the thesis is to present current knowledge about assisted oocyte activation and its impact not only on in vitro fertilization, but also on subsequent embryonic and fetal development. Methodology: Research of relevant literature in Web of Science, PubMed/Medline and Scopus databases. Results and conclusions: Based on the literature data and the authors’ own experience, it follows that this method is effective and safe from the point of view of further development of the embryo, fetus and postnatal development. Extensive meta-analyses focused on this method were carried out, which did not find a negative impact not only on the embryonic and fetal development of the individual, but this method did not have associated with a negative impact on the psychosomatic development of the children.

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