Publication details

The effect of jump topspin serve speed on reception quality in men’s volleyball



Year of publication 2024
Type Article in Periodical
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Keywords elite players; serve speed; pass; performance analysis; team sports
Description The essential activities contributing to winning a volleyball game are serve, offense, and block. The study aimed to determine if the increasing speed of the jump topspin serve negatively affects the reception quality. Methods: The serve speed was measured in sixty-five professional volleyball players. A total of 1270 jump topspin serves were analyzed. The quality of the reception after the serve was evaluated on a 6-level scale: (1) Serve error, (2) Perfect, (3) Good, (4) Negative, (5) Half error, (6) Ace. Results: The average speed of the analyzed serves was 88.2 km·h-1. The Kruskal-Wallis test points to a statistically significant difference between the quality of reception based on the speed of serve (p < 0.001; ?2 = 0.16). The large effect (Hedges’ g) between the quality of reception based on the speed of serve was: Perfect vs. Negative (g = -1.1); Perfect vs. Half error (g = -1.14); Perfect vs. Ace (g = -1.27). The chi-square test showed a statistically significant association between reception quality and serve speed categories (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The increasing speed of the jump topspin serve significantly affects the reception quality. If the speed of the topspin serve exceeds 92 km·h-1, it can be a great benefit for the serving team, although the risk of serve error increases.

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