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Význam práce v životě českých a slovenských starších pracovníků

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Title in English Meaning of Work among the Elderly Czech and Slovak Workers


Year of publication 2010
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Field Sociology, demography
Keywords Ageing; older workers; values; labour; Czech Republic; Slovakia
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Description Meaning of Work among the Elderly Czech and Slovak Workers. Due to population ageing, Czech and Slovak elderly workers have been becoming an important element in the labour market while their economic activity has been still rather low. To increase it, it is essential not only to enhance the competencies of elderly workers and eliminate prejudices of employers against them but also to encourage their motivation to work. In such context, value of work for elderly workers may be crucial. This paper focuses on the value of work and the attitudes to work of elderly Czech and Slovak workers. It is based on the European Value Study (EVS) longitudinal data which surveyed work values in 1991, 1999 and 2008. As the paper illustrates, attitudes to work of elderly workers are very different in Czech Republic and Slovakia nowadays. The differences are not evident only in the generation of elderly workers but in younger generations too. The diversity of the attitudes to work is not caused by age but has been reflecting the different development of Czech and Slovak society since the separation in 1993. There has been a considerable decrease of work value in the Czech Republic as well as the decrease of work satisfaction and ambitions. Work attitudes of the Slovak population have remained stable in the last two decades. The value of work has remained very important for elderly Slovak workers emphasising job security and good salary.
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