Publication details

Riziko kouření v těhotenství se stále podceňuje. Tolerovat kouření v těhotenství je neodborné a neetické

Title in English The risks associated with smoking in pregnancy are still underestimated. It is unprofessional and unethical to tolerate smoking in pregnancy

HRUBÁ Drahoslava

Year of publication 2011
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Praktická gynekologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Gynaecology and obstetrics
Keywords smoking in pregnancy; mothers health; foetal development; postnatal health; health in adulthood
Description Cigarette smoke contains about 4-5 thousands chemicals, many of them damage not only mother, but can cross the placental barrier and influence the developing foetus. Smoking pregnant women are at significantly higher risk of cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases, pregnancy complications, aborts and pre-term deliveries than non-smokers. Their children have more often congenital malformations (cardiac, urogenital, limbs defects,clefts). Chronic foetal hypoxemia and hyponutrition (due to maternal smoking and direct influence of nicotine) retard the growth of the foetus, damage the development of the lungs and brain and change programming of the foetal metabolism. Prenatally exposed children are at higher risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, malignancies, conduct disorders, learning disabilities and other health impairments, both during childhood and adulthood. Tolerance for smoking during pregnancy by health professionals is non-professional and non-ethic.

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