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Pokus o intaktní vyzvednutí kosterních pozůstatků pro účely genetických analýz

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Title in English An attempt of excavation of human skeletal remains for palaeogenetic purposes

DROZDOVÁ Eva BOBEROVÁ Kateřina PÍŽOVÁ Kristýna UNGER Josef DUDA Josef ŠÍN Lukáš KLÍMA Bohuslav

Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká antropologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords Physical antropology; Palaeogenetics; Human skeletal material; Old Slavonic period; Diváky; Znojmo Hradiště
Description In the graveyards of Divaky-Padelky za humny (dating between 9th and 11th centuries AD) and Znojmo-Hradiste (Great Moravian period) an attempt has been made to extract the samples in so called sterile way for the purpose of genetic analysis. In the research period during 2008 the exhumation of grave No. 160 in the graveyard of Divaky was carried out using this sterile method and afterwards the anthropological and genetic analysis of the skeletal remains was completed. The anthropological analysis showed that the skeleton was a female, aged between 24–30 years and this result was confirmed by the genetic analysis using the section of the SRY gene and analyzing the gene for amelogenin. Due to the fact that the method of exhumation at Divaky was both time-consuming and physically demanding and at the same time prevented the thorough documentation of the site, in 2009 a new method was used. Prior to the actual exhumation of the skeleton, one long bone was lifted from the grave using a sterile method and this proved to be a more suitable way because it did not interrupt the flow of the research. During the next research season of 2009 and 2010 this method was applied at both graveyards. The experiences at both Divaky and Znojmo show that this way of on- site preparation and laboratory processing of skeletal remains is more suitable in the lifting of bone tissue for genetic analysis.
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