Publication details

Impact of warming on Nostoc colonies (Cyanobacteria) in a wet hummock meadow, Spitsbergen



Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Polish Polar Research
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Atmosphere sciences, meteorology
Keywords Arctic; Svalbard; Cyanobacteria; nitrogenase activity; photosynthesis
Description In order to simulate the warming effects on Arctic wetlands, three passive open-top chambers (OTCs) and three control cage-like structures (CCSs) equipped with soil temperature and soil volumetric water content (VWC) probes for continuous microclimatic measurements were installed in a wet hummock meadow, Petuniabukta, Billefjorden, central Spitsbergen, in 2009. The warming effects on primary productivity were investigated during summer seasons 2009 and 2010 in cyanobacterial colonies of Nostoccommune s.l., which plays an important role in the local carbon and nitrogen cycles. The microclimatic data indicated that the effect of OTCs was dependent on microtopography. During winter, two short-term snow-thaw episodes occurred, so that liquid water was available for the Nostoc communities. Because of the warming, the OTC hummock bases remained unfrozen three weeks longer in comparison to the CCSs and, in spring, the OTC hummock tops and bases exceeded 0 deg.C several days earlier than CCS ones. Mean summer temperature differences were 1.6 deg.C in OTC and CCS hummock tops, and 0.3 deg.C in the OTC and CCS hummock bases. The hummock tops were drier than their bases; however the VWC difference between theOTCs and CCSs was small. Due to the onlyminor differences in the microclimate of OTC and CCS hummock bases, where the Nostoc colonies were located, no differences in ecophysiological characteristics of Nostoc colonies expressed as photochemistry parameters and nitrogenase activities were detected after two years exposition. Long-term monitoring of Nostoc ecophysiology in a manipulated environment is necessary for understanding their development under climate warming.
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