Publication details

All–Metal Aromaticity: Revisiting the Ring Current Model among Transition Metal Clusters



Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Web DOI: 10.1021/ct4007184
Field Physical chemistry and theoretical chemistry
Keywords Ring Current Model; Magnetizability; All-Metal Aromaticity; DFT; MCSCF
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Description We present new insight into the nature of aromaticity in metal clusters. We give computational arguments in favor of using the ring-current model over local indices, such as nucleus independent chemical shifts, for the determination of the magnetic aromaticity. Two approaches for estimating magnetically induced ring currents are employed for this purpose; one based on the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) and the other where magnetically–induced current densities (MICD) are explicitly calculated. We show that the two–zone aromaticity/antiaromaticity of a number of 3d metallic clusters (Sc3–, Cu3+, and Cu42–) can be explained using the QTAIM–based magnetizabilities. The reliability of the calculated atomic and bond magnetizabilities of the metallic clusters are verified by comparison with MICD computed at the multiconfiguration self–consistent field (MCSCF) and density functional levels of theory. Integrated MCSCF current strength susceptibilities as well as a visual analysis of the calculated current densities confirm the interpretations based on the QTAIM magnetizabilities. In view of the new findings, we suggest a simple explanation based on classical electromagnetic theory to explain the anomalous magnetic shielding in different transition metal clusters. Our results suggest that the nature of magnetic aromaticity/antiaromaticity in transition–metal clusters should be assessed more carefully based on global indices.
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