Publication details

Náboženské racionale v liberální demokracii: Vyloučení, zahrnutí a hledání třetích cest

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Title in English The Religious Rationale in Liberal Democracy: Exclusion, Inclusion and the Search for Third Ways

MALÝ Vojtěch DUFEK Pavel

Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sociální studia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Field Political sciences
Keywords religious arguments; liberal democracy; public justification; justificatory liberalism; doctrine of religious restraint
Description This article provides a critical overview of the recent debates in political philosophy on the role of religious arguments (as reasons for action) in liberal democracy, as well as a preliminary defence of a particular approach to the issue. Drawing on Christopher Eberle’s typology, we distinguish three main camps – justificatory liberalism, basing its advocacy of a “doctrine of religious restraint” on Rawls’s account of public justification; its liberal critics, embracing a wholly permissive position vis-a-vis religious arguments in the public sphere; and new traditionalism, which assigns priority to the religious rationale. The article deals in more detail with the exchange between the first two camps. After considering their strengths and weaknesses, we argue for a more robust “third way” between exclusion from and unqualified inclusion of religious arguments in public debates in liberal democracy. Inspired by the work of Gerald Gaus and Kevin Vallier, we then outline in the closing sections a framework of such “minimal justificatory liberalism” that steers clear of several errors shared by both the defenders and the critics of justificatory liberalism.
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