Publication details

Single-cell-based system to monitor carrier driven cellular auxin homeostasis

Authors

BARBEZ Elke LANKOVA Martina PAREZOVA Marketa MAIZEL Alexis ZAŽÍMALOVÁ Eva PETRASEK Jan FRIML Jiří KLEINE-VEHN Jurgen

Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source BMC Plant Biology
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/13/20
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-13-20
Field Genetics and molecular biology
Keywords Auxin homeostasis; DR5; Auxin carrier; Auxin transport
Attached files
Description Background: Abundance and distribution of the plant hormone auxin play important roles in plant development. Besides other metabolic processes, various auxin carriers control the cellular level of active auxin and, hence, are major regulators of cellular auxin homeostasis. Despite the developmental importance of auxin transporters, a simple medium-to-high throughput approach to assess carrier activities is still missing. Here we show that carrier driven depletion of cellular auxin correlates with reduced nuclear auxin signaling in tobacco Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cell cultures. Results: We developed an easy to use transient single-cell-based system to detect carrier activity. We use the relative changes in signaling output of the auxin responsive promoter element DR5 to indirectly visualize auxin carrier activity. The feasibility of the transient approach was demonstrated by pharmacological and genetic interference with auxin signaling and transport. As a proof of concept, we provide visual evidence that the prominent auxin transport proteins PIN-FORMED (PIN) 2 and PIN5 regulate cellular auxin homeostasis at the plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum (ER), respectively. Our data suggest that PIN2 and PIN5 have different sensitivities to the auxin transport inhibitor 1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA). Also the putative PIN-LIKES (PILS) auxin carrier activity at the ER is insensitive to NPA in our system, indicating that NPA blocks intercellular, but not intracellular auxin transport. Conclusions: This single-cell-based system is a useful tool by which the activity of putative auxin carriers, such as PINs, PILS and WALLS ARE THIN1 (WAT1), can be indirectly visualized in a medium-to-high throughput manner. Moreover, our single cell system might be useful to investigate also other hormonal signaling pathways, such as cytokinin.
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