Publication details

Procrastination dissected: The actual role of delay, trait anxiety and self-regulation in subjective perception of oneself as a procrastinator



Year of publication 2014
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The study explores the concept of procrastination as an essentially subjective phenomenon which is only partly dependent on actual delay and self-regulation problems. A sample of college students completed measures of academic procrastination, task-related delay, task-related subjective procrastination and anxiety, performance-inhibiting and performance-enhancing trait anxiety, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and cognitive self-regulatory capacity. The study yielded a number of interesting findings. First, while procrastination was negatively related to both self-esteem and self-efficacy, performance-enhancing anxiety, a positive predictor of procrastination, correlated positively with both of these variables. Indeed, cluster analysis revealed three distinct groups of procrastinators, one of which showed relatively good self-regulatory skills, positive self-image and low anxiety despite high levels of both subjective procrastination and delay. Conversely, another group of procrastinators reported high degrees of subjective procrastination and anxiety despite showing similar levels of actual delay as non-procrastinators. Implications for the trait procrastination construct are discussed.
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