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Aktuální změny v taxonomii rodu Staphylococcus

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Title in English Recent changes to the taxonomy of the genus Staphylococcus


Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Zprávy Centra Epidemiologie a Mikrobiologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Microbiology, virology
Keywords Staphylococcus; taxonomy; sp. nov.; subsp. nov.
Description Since the summer of 2013 when changes to the taxonomy of the genus Staphylococcus were last reported, five novel staphylococcal species have been described. In July 2013, the species S. jettensis was proposed in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM) but was reclassified into the third subspecies of S. petrasii in January 2014. Similarly to other subspecies of S. petrasii, the novel subspecies S. petrasii subsp. jettensis is found in human clinical specimens. In January 2015, two novel staphylococcal species, S. argenteus and S. schweitzeri, were described. They are both coagulase positive and phenotypically and phylogenetically close to the species S. aureus. The manuscripts describing two additional staphylococcal species have been accepted for publication in IJSEM in 2015. In March 2015, the description of the ninth novel staphylococcal species proposed by Czech authors, S. petrasii, subsp. pragensis, isolated from human clinical material, was accepted for publication. Another, the most recent novel staphylococcal species is S. argensis isolated from river sediment in Germany, the proposal of which was accepted for publication in IJSEM in May 2015. Currently, the genus Staphylococcus includes 49 different species, with nine species having two subspecies, one species having three subspecies, and one species having four subspecies.
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