A multilocus assessment of nuclear and mitochondrial sequencec data elucidates phylogenetic relationship among European spirlins (Alburnoides, Cyprinidae).
|Year of publication||2016|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution|
|Keywords||Alburnoides, Taxonomy, Phylogeography, mitochondrial and nuclear markers|
|Description||The phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of the spirlins in the genus Alburnoides are examined by comparative sequencing analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Molecular analyses revealed 17 Eurasian lineages divided into two main clades, termed the Ponto-Caspian and European in accordance with the lineage distribution. The indel diagnostics of ß-actin and S7 markers and transcription of cyt b to the amino acid chain were evaluated as a reliable identifying tool for most of the recognised lineages. Lineage richness is closely connected with the existence of known glacial refugia in most cases. The underestimation of species richness in the genus Alburnoides is confirmed: the genetic analyses support the validity of 11 morphologically accepted species; apart from them, four phylogenetic lineages requiring descriptions as separate species were revealed. The distribution area of the nominotypical species A. bipunctatus s. stricto is newly defined. Two diverging phylogenetic lineages, A. ohridanus, and A. prespensis complex, were observed in the Southeast Adriatic Freshwater Ecoregion, confirmed as a hotspot of endemic biodiversity. A. ohridanus demonstrates high divergence from the A. prespensis complex, represented by three similar mitochondrial lineages with the same nuclear haplotypes and sympatric occurrence. The range restricted endemism was confirmed for at least seven species. The Albanian river systems, as well as the wider Ponto-Caspian basin exhibit complications among definite species delineations and gaps in understanding of microevolutionary processes; these areas require further investigations.|