Publication details

Geografický informační systém tradiční lidové kultury (1750-1900) - sofistikovaná výzkumná infrastruktura české etnologie

Title in English The Geographic Information System of traditional folk culture 1750–1900 - the sophisticated research infrastructure of Czech ethnology


Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Etnologické rozpravy
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords Ethnocartography; written and picture sources; printed materials; databases; maps
Description Ethnocartography has been one of well-established ethnology methods for some tens of years. It enables to know the territorial spreading of particular cultural elements and large sets thereof on one or more time levels. In the Czech lands, ethnocartography began to gain ground in the first half of the 20th century. Some of the faults can be solved by application of modern technologies - e.g. through the Geographic Information System (GIS) that allows working with data and creating the maps. In addition to a simple displaying of points and areas, the GIS features mainly inter-activity, mutual blending of data layers, possibility to analyse the data according to specification and user's needs. This technology is applied also within the research and presentation infrastructure. The Geographic Information System of traditional folk culture 1750–1900, developed by Masaryk University, interconnects the maps with the information from the field of traditional folk culture. The information is defined by place (historic land of Moravia) and time (years 1750–1900). Gistralik represents a sophisticated GIS in the form of a database in the 3–D form, that makes accessible the knowledge about documented phenomena from the field of tangible and intangible folk culture as well as about the stage of their hitherto processing. Thus it works not only with the information itself, but also with the reference to its origin (manuscript, iconographic source, printed material), whereby the user can explore the source as to his/her individual needs. The information refers to a particular community or another territorial unit (domain, parish, court district). Gistralik allows the scientists as well as other persons interested in the theme of cultural heritage to use a large volume of professional data that the users will explore by means of different degrees of preconditions, which enables to generate various groups of information as to their content and form.
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