Publication details

Groundwater hydrochemistry and origin in the south-eastern part of Wadi El Natrun, Egypt


HUSSEIN Hend Ahmed Ibrahim ŘÍČKA Adam KUCHOVSKÝ Tomáš EL OSTA Maged Mostafa

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Arabian Journal of Geosciences
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Water pollution and control
Keywords Hydrogeochemistry; Groundwater origin;. Groundwater protection; Wadi el-Natrun;.Egypt
Description The demand for water is rapidly increasing in Egypt, because of high population and agriculture production growth rate, which makes research of water resources necessary. The regional multi aquifer system of the Miocene Pleistocene age is discharged in Wadi El-Natrun area. Intensive aquifer overexploitation and agricultural development in the area is related to groundwater quality deterioration. Hydrochemical and hydrogeological data was evaluated to determine the groundwater origin and quality in the south-eastern part of wadi, which appears to be more significant for water supply owing to lower groundwater salinity. The dominance of the high mineralised Cl groundwater type was found, however, also less mineralised SO4 and HCO3 types were identified there. Based on the ion relations, halite and gypsum dissolution and ion exchange are the most important hydrochemical processes forming the groundwater chemical composition. The Cl dominated groundwater matches the discharge part of the regional hydrogeological system. Contrary the presence of HCO3 and SO4 hydrochemical types corresponds to the infiltration and transferring parts of the hydrogeological system indicating the presence of zones conducting low mineralised groundwater. The discharge area of the over-pumped aquifer in Wadi El Natrun lies 23 m beneath the sea level with the shoreline being at the distance of 100 km, thus there is a real risk of seawater intrusion. Using the hydrochemical facies evolution diagram, four samples in the centre of the discharge area indicate advanced seawater intrusion. The zones of the highest demand for groundwater quality protection were indicated based on a spatial pattern of hydrogeochemical composition.

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