Publication details

Law of inertia for the factorization of cubic polynomials - the imaginary case


KLAŠKA Jiří SKULA Ladislav

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Utilitas Mathematica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field General mathematics
Keywords cubic polynomial; type of factorization; discriminant
Description Let D be a square-free positive integer not divisible by 3 such that the class number h(-3D) of Q((-3D)^(1/2)) is also not divisible by 3. We prove that all cubic polynomials f (x) = x^3 + ax^2 + bx + c in Z[x] with a discriminant D have the same type of factorization over any Galois field F_p, where p is a prime bigger than 3. Moreover, we show that any polynomial f(x) with such a discriminant D has a rational integer root. A complete discussion of the case D = 0 is also included.
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