Publication details

Palmar, Patellar, and Pedal Human Remains from Pavlov



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source PaleoAnthropology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords Gravettian; human remains; isolated bones; anatomically modern humans; Upper Paleolithic
Description Excavations in the 1960s in the central area of the Pavlov I site (southern Moravia, Czech Republic) produced a rich early (Pavlovian) Mid Upper Paleolithic (MUP) archeological record, abundant faunal remains, and thirty-nine human remains. The last, recently identified from the faunal collections, consist of two patellae (Pavlov 34 and 35), a partial second metacarpal (Pavlov 36), and two pairs of partial pedal skeletons (Pavlov 37 and 38). As such, they join the isolated and associated human remains from Pavlov I Northwest and Southeast, as well as those from the neighboring sites of Dolní Věstonice I and II. Pavlov 36 is an unremarkable and average sized metacarpal. Pavlov 34 and 35, which may be a pair, are among the largest known for the Upper Paleolithic and are relatively thick; Pavlov 34 has strongly asymmetrical femoral facets. The Pavlov 37 paired tarsometatarsal skeletons (22 elements) are from the longest known Paleolithic feet, indicating a stature among the tallest MUP individuals; Pavlov 38 (14 elements) is of average MUP size. The pedal remains are notable for their relatively long talar necks, gracile metatarsals, and (for Pavlov 37) large naviculocuboid facets. Together these remains provide additional data on Mid Upper Paleolithic human appendicular variation.
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