Slovakia: Democratic Backsliding and (Ab)use of Constitutional Identity: Slovakian Place in the Concept of Fundamental Constitutional Values of the European Union
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|This paper seeks to present the Slovak example of constitutional values development and its place in recent discussions. Slovakia undoubtedly represents a peculiar case among the CEE countries, thanks to its episode of non-democratic regime established under Prime Minister Mečiar at the beginning of 1990s. The paper therefore discusses the formation of constitutional values under different stages of democratization (post-communist transition, non-democratic regime, restart of democratization during the EU integration, and finally, the recent trends under the populist government of SMER). Apart from the law on the books, which is compared with constitutional provisions from neighboring countries, the paper also searches for a practical use of concepts of constitutional values, national identity, and a common European heritage by individual political actors in order to foster or stay the fragile democratization process and its consolidation in later stages.