Publication details

Is it intestinal tuberculosis again? Case report


BRAT Kristián MERTA Zdeněk ČUNDRLE Ivan

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Vnitřní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Pneumology
Keywords intestinal tuberculosis; pancytopenia; short bowel syndrome; vitamin B12 deficiency
Description This case report focuses on an immigrant admitted to the Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital Brno due to suspicion of relapsing intestinal tuberculosis. The patient presented with fever, night sweat, weight loss, diarrhea, and a history of several tuberculosis attacks in the last few years. None of the examinations confirmed the presence of active tuberculosis but raised suspicion of hematological malignancy. Pancytopenia was present in the peripheral blood. However, bone marrow examination and flowcytometry excluded the presence of a hematological malignancy. The results pointed to the possibility of vitamin B12 or folate deficiency that were both confirmed consequently by serum biochemical tests. Cobalamin and folate deficiency were caused by short bowel syndrome that developed after a major intestinal resection that the patient underwent in his past. Combined treatment including vitamins, pancreatic enzymes substitution, antidiarrhoics and spasmolytics was administered. The general health status of the patient improved rapidly with restitution of hematopoiesis, weight gain, and a decrease by 80% in daily number of stools. Clinical appearance of intestinal tuberculosis, short bowel syndrome and of cobalamin and folate deficiency as well as pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of these uncommon or even rare diseases are discussed in this case report.

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