The connections of Wnt pathway components with cell cycle and centrosome: side effects or a hidden logic?
|Year of publication||2017|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Field||Genetics and molecular biology|
|Keywords||Wnt; centrosome; cilium; cell cycle; crosstalk; planar cell polarity|
|Description||Wnt signaling cascade has developed together with multicellularity to orchestrate the development and homeostasis of complex structures. Wnt pathway components – such as beta-catenin, Dishevelled (DVL), Lrp6, and Axin-- are often dedicated proteins that emerged in evolution together with the Wnt signaling cascade and are believed to function primarily in the Wnt cascade. It is interesting to see that in recent literature many of these proteins are connected with cellular functions that are more ancient and not limited to multicellular organisms – such as cell cycle regulation, centrosome biology, or cell division. In this review, we summarize the recent literature describing this crosstalk. Specifically, we attempt to find the answers to the following questions: Is the response to Wnt ligands regulated by the cell cycle? Is the centrosome and/or cilium required to activate the Wnt pathway? How do Wnt pathway components regulate the centrosomal cycle and cilia formation and function? We critically review the evidence that describes how these connections are regulated and how they help to integrate cell-to-cell communication with the cell and the centrosomal cycle in order to achieve a fine-tuned, physiological response|