Publication details

Building of advanced innovation system: the story of the South Moravian Region

Authors

KLÍMOVÁ Viktorie ŽÍTEK Vladimír

Type Article in Proceedings
Conference 6th Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, 2017. Engines of Urban and Regional Development
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Citation
Web http://www.cers.umb.sk/wp-content/uploads/proceedings/32-building-of-advanced-innovation-system.pdf
Field Management and administrative
Keywords Innovation system; region; knowledge base; innovation policy; research and development
Description The current economic theory puts strong emphasis on innovation which has become a crucial factor for competitiveness of firms, countries as well as regions. This fact is also reflected in public policies. Countries of Central and Eastern Europe have gone through big changes in their political and economic regimes. Their starting point was not favourable at the end of the 20th century. Traditional branches (textile, food and heavy industry) prevailed in their sector structure, research infrastructure was outdated and the whole society was affected by many years of international isolation. Research tradition, availability of capital, skilled human resources, flexibility, and enlightenment of political representation have become the key preconditions of future success. The aim of the paper is to discuss preconditions and past development of the South Moravian Region (Czech Republic) for transformation into successful regional innovation systems. The Region is considered synonymous with a successful regional innovation system now. The attention is paid to its socio-economic features, research activity, elements of its innovation system and innovation policy. The analysis showed that the region represents a centre of research, development, education and innovation. The former symbol of textile and machinery industry has transformed into a cradle of ICT, biotechnology and medical research that has world class. Innovation policy plays an important role in improvement of innovation capability of the region and it is well-known for its pioneering implementation of various innovation tools.
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