Publication details

Late Glacial and Holocene sequences in rockshelters and adjacent wetlands of Northern Bohemia, Czech Republic: Correlation of environmental and archaeological records

Authors

SVOBODA Jiří POKORNÝ Petr HORÁČEK Ivan SÁZELOVÁ Sandra ABRAHAM Vojtěch DIVIŠOVÁ Michaela IVANOV Martin KOZÁKOVÁ Radka NOVÁK Jan NOVÁK Martin ŠÍDA Petr PERRI Angela Ray

Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Quaternary International
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.05.009
Keywords Czech Republic; sandstone rockshelters; wetlands; Late Glacial; Holocene; Late Paleolithic; Mesolithic; paleoecology; lithic industries
Description This paper combines complex archaeological records from excavations of sandstone rockshelters with paleobotanical investigations in the adjacent wetlands of Northern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Several pollen diagramms from nearby peatbogs are used to document the paleoenvironmental development from the Late Glacial to the Middle Holocene. In addition, two recently excavated key archaeological sections were selected to document human behavioral responses to the climatic development: Kostelní rokle, and Smolný kámen. This region remained mostly unsettled during the Upper Paleolithic (Magdalenian or Epigravettian) so that the Late Paleolithic colonization after the LGM appears to be a major behavioral adaptation. The Early and Middle Mesolithic foragers developed this pattern to be optimally adapted to the versatile landscape of sandstone plateaus and canyons during the Holocene. The aim was to exploit its changing vegetational, aquatic and terrestric faunal resources, until the Late Mesolithic.

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