Publication details

Early weight gain after stopping smoking: a predictor of overall large weight gain? A single-site retrospective cohort study

Authors

PANKOVA Alexandra KRALIKOVA Eva ZVOLSKA Kamila STEPANKOVA Lenka BLAHA Milan OVESNÁ Petra AVEYARD Paul

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source BMJ Open
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023987
Keywords weight; smoking
Description Objectives Most people gain weight on stopping smoking but the extent of weight gain varies greatly. Interventions aimed at all quitters to prevent weight gain on cessation have proven unpopular but targeting people who have gained excess weight immediately after quitting may improve uptake and cost-effectiveness. We examined whether early large postcessation weight gain predicts overall large weight gain. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Primary care setting—smoking cessation centre in Prague, Czech Republic. Participants Out of 3537 patients treated between 2005 and 2013, 1050 were continuous abstainers (verified by carbon monoxide measurement) at 1-year follow-up and formed the cohort of the current report. 48.7% were women (n=511) with the mean age of 46 (±14.4) years. Methods In this retrospective cohort study, all patients underwent usual tobacco dependence treatment using evidence-based methods. Weight was measured prior to smoking cessation and at each visit after quitting.