Publication details

Assessment of distribution of plantar pressures and foot characteristics during walking in pregnant women

Authors

MIKESKA Ondřej GIMUNOVÁ Marta ZVONAŘ Martin

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Citation
Web
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5277/ABB-01373-2019-04
Keywords pregnancy; foot; pressure; force
Description Purpose: The main purpose of this research was to analyse the distribution of plantar pressures and foot characteristics during walk-ing between weeks 27 and 36 of pregnancy. The secondary purpose was to test the effect of the customized orthopaedic shoes that wereworn by the experimental group. Methods: Pregnant women (n = 73) were divided into 2 groups, control group (n = 38) and experimentalgroup (n = 35) which completed 5 gait trials on a walkway (1.55m) at a self-selected velocity of gait, where force, pressure and remain-ing foot characteristics were sampled and displayed by Novel database pro m (version 25.3.24). Results: Analysis of foot characteristicsdid not reveal important changes. Analysis of the distribution of plantar pressures revealed few changes in the pre- and post-measurementof the experimental and control groups between weeks 27 and 36 of pregnancy. In the last measurement, there is a significant increase ofpeak pressure only in the midfoot area of the left foot (151.1 ± 41.2 kPa) and in the hindfoot area of the right foot (346.3 ± 104.1) of theexperimental group. The control group exhibits similar pressure development for both of foot. Conclusions: Monitored parameters dem-onstrated in certain areas notably development of force and contact area. Results of foot characteristics did not reveal a significantchanges. As both groups registered similar values in certain areas in a comparison of pre/post measurement characteristics, the influenceof specific orthopaedic shoes cannot be conclusively demonstrated in the experimental group.
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