Publication details

Impairment of brain functions in Parkinson's disease reflected by alterations in neural connectivity in EEG studies: A viewpoint

Authors

BOČKOVÁ Martina REKTOR Ivan

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Clinical Neurophysiology
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388245718313762?via%3Dihub#!
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.11.013
Keywords Parkinson's disease; EEG; Local field potentials; Functional connectivity; Graph theory; Deep brain stimulation
Description Clinical symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) are accompanied by pathological phenomena detected locally in the basal ganglia (BG) as changes in local field potentials (LFPs) and also in cortical regions by electroencephalography (EEG). The literature published mainly between 2000 and 2017 was reviewed with an emphasis on approaches emerging after 2000, in particular on oscillatory dynamics, connectivity studies, and deep brain stimulation. Eighty-five articles were reviewed. The main observations were a general slowing of background activity, excessive synchronization of beta activity, and disturbed movement-related gamma oscillations in the BG and in the cortico-subcortical and cortico-cortical motor loops, suppressible by dopaminergic medication as well as by high-frequency deep brain stimulation (DBS). Non-motor symptoms are related mainly to changes in the alpha frequency range. EEG parameters can be useful in defining the risk of dementia in PD. Further progress was reported recently using advanced analytical technologies and high-performance computing (graph theory). Detailed knowledge of LFPs in PD enabled progress particularly in DBS therapy, which requires optimizing the clinical effect and minimizing adverse side effects. The neurocognitive networks and their dysfunction in PD and DBS therapy are promising targets for future research. (C) 2018 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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