Caenidae (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) of Iran, with new records and re-description of the nymph of Caenis kopetdagi Kluge, 1985
|Year of publication
|Article in Periodical
|Magazine / Source
|MU Faculty or unit
|mayflies; Middle East; biogeography; distribution; morphology; taxonomy
|The present contribution gives a faunistic overview on the distribution of Caenidae in Iran. Four species have so far been reported, of which Caenis macrura Stephens, 1835 by far is the most abundant and most widely spread species. Caenis kopetdagi Kluge, 1985 was previously only known from three localities in the Kopet Dag Mountain range, which stretches along the border between Turkmenistan and Iran. We report this species from three further localities at the western border of the Zagros Mountains in southwest Iran, thus considerably expanding its distribution. The nymph of Caenis kopetdagi is re-described, its validity is confirmed, and modern diagnostic characters are added. Its CO1 sequence is provided and compared with sequences of other species of Caenis Stephens, 1835 occurring in the Middle East. The habitat of C. kopetdagi as well as the distribution of Caenidae in Iran and of Caenis in the Middle East is also discussed.