Publication details

Molecular insights into the architecture of the human SMC5/6 complex

Authors

ADAMUS Marek LELKES Edit POTĚŠIL David GANJI Sri Ranjani KOLESÁR Peter ZÁBRADY Kateřina ZDRÁHAL Zbyněk PALEČEK Jan

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Molecular Biology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2020.04.024
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2020.04.024
Keywords human SMC5/6 complex architecture; SMC5-SMC6 dimer coiled-coil arms; NSE1-NSE3-NSE4 trimer; NSE5-NSE6 dimer; CANIN protein-protein interaction domain; MAGE domain
Description A family of Structural Maintenance of Chromosome (SMC) complexes is essential for key cellular processes ensuring proper cohesion, condensation and replication. They share a common SMC-kleisin architecture allowing them to embrace DNA. In SMC5/6, the NSE1 and NSE3 KITE and NSE4 kleisin subunits form a stable subcomplex that binds DNA and regulates essential processes. In addition, NSE5 and NSE6 subunits associate with the core SMC5/6 complex and recruit it to DNA repair sites. The architecture of the SMC5/6 complex is crucial for its proper functioning, and mutations within the human SMC5/6 subunits result in severe syndromes. Therefore, we aimed to analyze interactions within the human SMC5/6 complex and determine its detailed architecture. Firstly, we analyzed different parts of SMC5/6 by crosslinking and MS/MS analysis. Our data suggested domain arrangements of hNSE1-hNSE3 and orientation of hNSE4 within the hNSE1-hNSE3-hNSE4 subcomplex. The crosslinking and electron microscopic analysis of the SMC5/6 core complex showed its rod-like architecture with juxtaposed hSMC5-hSMC6 arms. Additionally, we observed fully or partially opened hSMC5-hSMC6 shapes with the hNSE1-hNSE3-hNSE4 trimer localized in the SMC head domains. To complete mapping of the human SMC5/6 complex architecture, we analyzed positions of hNSE5-hNSE6 at the hSMC5-hSMC6 arms. We showed that hNSE6 binding to hNSE5 and the coiled-coil arm of hSMC6 is mediated by a conserved FAM178 domain, which we therefore renamed CANIN (Coiled-coil SMC6 And NSE5 iNteracting) domain. Interestingly, hNSE6 bound both hSMC5 and hSMC6 arms, suggesting that hNSE6 may lock the arms and regulate the dynamics of the human SMC5/6 complex.
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