Publication details

What LEGAD needs to know? Analysis of AARs from Locked Shields (2012-2018)



Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Law

Keywords cybersecurity; exercises; Locked Shields; legal advisors; after action report; document review
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Description The role of lawyers in cybersecurity grows. However, it is often hard to pinpoint what knowledge should be required from legal professionals in this area. This study aims to rectify this knowledge deficiency by directly what is expected in terms of knowledge and skills from government and/or military legal advisor engages in cyber operations. To identify this skillset, the author analyse texts of After Action Reports (AAR) of Locked Shields exercises conducted between 2012 and 2018. Participation in Locked Shields is considered beneficial for the development of professional skills and faring well in Locked Shields is prestigious for all organisations involved. At the same time, Locked Shields exercise contains legal play, which involves legal professionals in solving legal issues arising within a simulated cyber crisis. Therefore, it is only logical to use the Locked Shields as the standard for identification of required knowledge and skillset for legal advisors. The study is structured as follows. After the Introduction, the second part focuses on related work in terms of the role of AARs and the role of lawyers in exercises generally. This part specifies the method used to obtain information from collected AARs (coding of relevant information and subsequent content analysis). The fourth part frames the analysis by providing specific research questions. The fifth part presents the results of this study mainly in terms of the overall goal of the legal play and tasks that legal advisers were supposed to answer. The sixth part briefly discusses the limitation of this study. The final part, Conclusion, provides answers to research questions.
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