Publication details

The natural environment in socialist modernity : three case studies of new urban areas in Czechoslovakia (1966–1991)

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Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Planning Perspectives
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Keywords Socialist city; Czechoslovakia; planning history; urban history; Etarea; Jižní Město; Jihozápadní Město; Prague
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Description This article presents three case studies of projects to construct new urban areas situated around the capital city of Prague. These urban areas were among the largest Czechoslovak urban planning projects and were intended as comprehensive environmental planning. Indeed, all of these projects included a formal declaration of the importance of protecting the existing environment while also creating a new environment for socialist people. The first of these case studies is the unrealized project of the city of Etarea (1967) planned for 135.000 inhabitants and based on an eco-friendly systems approach. The two other case studies represent implemented projects: Jižní Město (South City) which was, in 1971 planned for 64.000 inhabitants (then in the 1980s for more than 100.000 inhabitants) and Jihozápadní Město (Southwest City) which was, in 1968 planned for 80.000 inhabitants (then in the 1980s for more than 147.000 inhabitants).
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