Publication details

3D kinematic analysis of patients’ gait before and after unilateral total hip replacement

Authors

KOLÁŘOVÁ Kateřina VODIČKA Tomáš BOZDĚCH Michal REPKO Martin

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Citation
Web http://www.actabio.pwr.wroc.pl/Vol22No2/36.pdf
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.37190/ABB-01539-2020-04
Keywords hip joint; arthrosis; THR; 3D kinematics; gait analysis
Description Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe changes in the kinematic parameters in the patients’ gait after total hip replacement. Methods: Research group of men in the end stage of osteoarthritis indicated to the THR (n = 10; age 54.1 ± 7.5 years; weight 92.2 ± 9.6 kg; height 179.7 ± 5.9 cm). All participants underwent a total of three measurements: before surgery, 3 and 6 months after the surgery. Using the 3D kinematic analysis system, the patients’ gait was recorded during each measurement session and kinematic analysis was carried out. The parameters that were monitored included the sagittal range of motion while walking in the ankle, the knee and the hip joints of the operated and the unoperated limb, and the range in the hip joint’s frontal plane, the rotation of pelvis in the frontal and transverse planes, as well as the speed of walking and the walking step length. Results: Significant increases were found in sagittal range of motion in the operated hip joint, sagittal range of motion in the ankle joint on the unoperated side and in the walking step length of the unoperated limb. Conclusions: During walking after a THR, the sagittal range of motion in the ankle of the unoperated limb increases. Also, the range of motion in the sagittal plane on the operated joint increases, which is related to the lengthening of the step of the unoperated lower limb.
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