Quenching of an Aniline Radical Cation by Dissolved Organic Matter and Phenols: A Laser Flash Photolysis Study
|Year of publication
|Article in Periodical
|Magazine / Source
|Environmental Science and Technology
|MU Faculty or unit
|Hydrocarbons; Kinetic parameters; Dissolved organic matter; Aromatic compounds; Quenching
|Aromatic amines are relevant aquatic organic contaminants whose photochemical transformation is affected by dissolved organic matter (DOM). The goal of this study is to elucidate the underlying mechanism of the inhibitory effect of DOM on such reactions. The selected model aromatic amine, 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile (DMABN), was subjected to laser flash photolysis in the presence and absence of various model photosensitizers. The produced radical cation (DMABN(.+)) was observed to react with several phenols and different types of DOM on a time scale of similar to 100 mu s. The determined second-order rate constants for the quenching of DMABN(.+) by phenols were in the range of (1.4-26) X 10(8) M-1 s(-1) and increased with increasing electron donor character of the aromatic ring substituent. For DOM, quenching rate constants increased with the phenolic content of the DOM. These results indicate the reduction of DMABN(.+) to re-form its parent compound as the basic reaction governing the inhibitory effect. In addition, the photosensitized oxidation of the sulfonamide antibiotic sulfadiazine (SDZ) was studied. The observed radical intermediate of SDZ was quenched by 4-methoxyphenol less effectively than DMABN(.+), which was attributed to the lower reduction potential of the SDZ-derived radical compared to DMABN(.+).