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Marxisti, pseudomarxisti a neomarxisti v české archeologii

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Title in English Marxists, pseudo Marxists and Neo Marxists in Czech archaeology


Year of publication 2020
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Jiří Macháček in his study Marxists, pseudoMarxists and Neo Marxists in Czech archaeology reflects on the diverse forms of its influence on archaeological interpretation. At the same time, he sets out five phases: the pre-Marxist period up to 1948; the early period of confused or naive pseudo-Marxists (J. Böhm et al.): 1948–1968; the normalization period of conformist pseudo-Marxists (B. Chropovský et al.): 1969–1989; the isolated appearance of authentic (“methodolo- gical”) Marxists (E. Neustupný, V. Nekuda, P. Charvát): 1961–1989; the post-Marxist and Neo-Marxist period: since 1989. In general, based on his own experience and considerations, he states that Marxism in many ways conforms to the archaeological approach of examining the past, because materialism is embedded in the very foundations of archaeological thought, which views human society through artefacts. In his opinion, it is mainly for these reasons that archaeology cannot remain resistant to Marxism.
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