Publication details

Gender discrimination and depressive symptoms among child-bearing women: ELSPAC-CZ cohort study

Authors

ŠTĚPANÍKOVÁ Irena ACHARYA Sanjeev ABDALLA Safa BAKER Elizabeth H. KLÁNOVÁ Jana DARMSTADT Gary L.

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source EClinicalMedicine
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(20)30041-9/fulltext
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100297
Keywords Depressive symptoms; Gender; Mental health
Description Background: Depression is approximately two-fold more prevalent among women than men. Social theories suggest that discrimination is a pathway through which gender inequalities affect women's lives, but data are lacking. This cohort study evaluates whether perceived gender discrimination is linked to depressive symptoms among child-bearing women. Methods: Data were obtained from 4,688 participants enrolled in pregnancy in 1991–92 in the European Longitudinal Cohort Study of Pregnancy and Childhood, Czech Republic. Perceived gender discrimination was assessed in mid-pregnancy, year seven, and year eleven. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at eight time-points between mid-pregnancy and year eleven post-delivery. Linear mixed error-component models of depressive symptoms were estimated.
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