Publication details

Autonomous Vehicles Vigilance System: Proposal for a Theoretical Legal Framework



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source The Lawyer Quarterly
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Law

Web Open access časopisu
Keywords artificial intelligence; autonomous vehicle; product liability; vigilance system; standardization
Description Today’s road traffic system is functional due to a complex set of rules. The key element of the systemis a natural person in the driver’s seat that makes decisions. These decisions may vary from driver to driver, yetall of them can still be compliant. When talking about autonomous vehicles, there is a notion that they need tobe instructed on how to behave in all possible situations. However, autonomous vehicles can adopt the samevariety of decisions as human drivers do. On top of that, they can communicate with other vehicles, infrastruc-ture, and the surrounding environment. As a result, autonomous vehicles can solve tasks together in a cooper-ative manner. Such shift in the capabilities of vehicles is so significant that we should not be asking how tomake autonomous vehicles conform to the rules, but instead how to structure the rules so that they can conformwith autonomous vehicles. This paper aims to present a position on the latter question. Firstly, it describes keyfeatures of autonomous vehicles. Secondly, it takes into account relevant legal research in the field of au-tonomous mobility and identifies the problems that autonomous vehicles pose to the concept of liability. Finally,it provides a summary of key elements for a theoretical legal framework that can encompass autonomous ve-hicles. An autonomous vehicles vigilance system is proposed as a part of a solution to the liability problem
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