Publication details

TESS Observations of Cepheid Stars: First Light Results

Authors

PLACHY Emese PÁL András BÓDI Attila SZABO Pal MOLNÁR László SZABADOS Laszlo BENKŐ József ANDERSON Richard I. BELLINGER Earl P. BHARDWAJ Anupam EBADI M. GAZEAS Kosmas HAMBSCH FJ HASANZADEH Amir JURKOVIC Monika I. KALAEE M. J. KERVELLA Pierre KOLENBERG K. MIKOLAJCZYK Przemysław NARDETTO Nicolas NEMEC J. M. NETZEL H. NGEOW Chow-Choong OZUYAR Dogus PASCUAL-GRANADO Javier PILECKI Bogumił RIPEPI Vincenzo SKARKA Marek SMOLEC Radoslaw SÓDOR Ádám SZABO Robert CHRISTENSEN-DALSGAARD Jorgen JENKINS Jon KJELDSEN Hans RICKER George R. VANDERSPEK Roland

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/abd4e3
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/abd4e3
Keywords Stellar pulsations; Cepheid variable stars; Stellar photometry
Description We present the first analysis of Cepheid stars observed by the TESS space mission in Sectors 1-5. Our sample consists of 25 pulsators: ten fundamental mode, three overtone and two double-mode classical Cepheids, plus three type II and seven anomalous Cepheids. The targets were chosen from fields with different stellar densities, both from the Galactic field and from the Magellanic System. Three targets have 2 minutes cadence light curves available by the TESS Science Processing Operations Center: for the rest, we prepared custom light curves from the full-frame images with our own differential photometric FITSH pipeline. Our main goal was to explore the potential and the limitations of TESS concerning the various subtypes of Cepheids. We detected many low-amplitude features: weak modulation, period jitter, and timing variations due to light-time effect. We also report signs of nonradial modes and the first discovery of such a mode in an anomalous Cepheid, the overtone star XZ Cet, which we then confirmed with ground-based multicolor photometric measurements. We prepared a custom photometric solution to minimize saturation effects in the bright fundamental-mode classical Cepheid, beta Dor with the lightkurve software, and we revealed strong evidence of cycle-to-cycle variations in the star. In several cases, however, fluctuations in the pulsation could not be distinguished from instrumental effects, such as contamination from nearby sources, which also varies between sectors. Finally, we discuss how precise light-curve shapes will be crucial not only for classification purposes but also to determine physical properties of these stars.
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