Publication details

Plant-based and immunostimulant-enhanced diets modulate oxidative stress, immune and haematological indices in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Authors

MINÁŘOVÁ Hana BLÁHOVÁ Lucie KALINA Jiří PAPEŽÍKOVÁ Ivana MAREŠ Jan KOPP Radovan VOJTEK Libor HYRŠL Pavel RESCHOVÁ Stanislava PALÍKOVÁ Miroslava

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Veterinaria Brno
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.2754/avb202190020233
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2754/avb202190020233
Keywords aeromonas salmonicida; glucan; glutathione; respiratory burst; TBARS
Description The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three commercial diets, standard, immunostimulant-supplemented (ß-glucan, vitamins C and E) and plant-based, on the degree of oxidative stress in tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Selected immune and haematological indices were measured and challenge with Aeromonas salmonicida was conducted. The plant-based diet systemically modulated all oxidative stress biomarkers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances; reduced and oxidised glutathione and their ratio) in the intestine. The ratio was elevated in all organs (liver, kidney, muscle and intestine) and an enhancement of respiratory burst and complement activity was observed even in the control fish. With the standard diet, an elevation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in the intestine and a decrease in some immune indices appeared after challenge. Less distinctive changes and the lowest mortality rate (the highest being with the plant-based feed) were obtained with immunostimulants. Increased total immunoglobulin, relative lymphocytosis and a decrease in the phagocyte count were observed. This study contributes especially by a thorough examination of oxidative stress indices in different tissues. The exact composition of these commercial diets is a trade secret; however, knowledge of their effects is extremely important for fish farmers using them; therefore, this study has a great practical impact.
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