The amplification of cyberhate victimisation by discrimination and low life satisfaction : Can supportive environments mitigate the risks?
|Year of publication||2023|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||Journal of Early Adolescence|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Web||article - open access|
|Keywords||cyberhate; discrimination; life satisfaction; social support; socio-ecological systems|
|Description||There is some indication that discrimination as well as low levels of life satisfaction render young people at risk of cyberhate victimization. Adopting a socio-ecological perspective, this paper examines whether supportive family, peer and school environments may buffer against the effects of perceived discrimination and low life satisfaction on cyberhate victimization. Data from four countries (N = 3396) of the EU Kids Online IV survey on children aged 11–17 (51% girls) revealed a positive association between perceived discrimination and cyberhate victimization, but this impact was moderated by supportive family and peer environments. A negative association between life satisfaction and cyberhate victimization was mitigated by peer support. However, no associations with the school context were found. The current study provides new insights on how social support on different levels of the social environment may buffer against potential risk factors for cyberhate victimization and can inform decision-makers towards intervention and prevention strategies.|