Publication details

Colloidal lithography as a novel approach for the development of Ni-nanocavity insulin sensor



Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Scientific Reports
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords electrochemical sensor; insulin; colloidal lithography; nanostructures
Description In this study, a highly sensitive, fast, and selective enzyme-free electrochemical sensor based on the deposition of Ni cavities on conductive glass was proposed for insulin detection. Considering the growing prevalence of diabetes mellitus, an electrochemical sensor for the determination of insulin was proposed for the effective diagnosis of the disease. Colloidal lithography enabled deposition of nanostructured layer (substrate) with homogeneous distribution of Ni cavities on the electrode surface with a large active surface area. The morphology and structure of conductive indium tin oxide glass modified with Ni cavities (Ni-c-ITO) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The diameter of the resulting cavities was approximately 500 nm, while their depth was calculated at 190?±?4 nm and 188?±?18 nm using AFM and SEM, respectively. The insulin assay performance was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry. Ni-c-ITO exhibited excellent analytical characteristics, including high sensitivity (1.032 µA µmol-1 dm3), a low detection limit (156 µmol dm-3), and a wide dynamic range (500 nmol dm-3 to 10 µmol dm-3). Finally, the determination of insulin in buffer with interferents and in real blood serum samples revealed high specificity and demonstrated the practical potential of the method.
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