Migrace, uprchlíci a transgenerační přenos
|Title in English
|Migration, refugees, and transgenerational transmission
|Year of publication
|Chapter of a book
|MU Faculty or unit
|In the first part, we distinguish the category of refugees from the category of immigrants so that we can subsequently point out that the risk of traumatization is an inherent part of the migration process. At the turn of the sixties and seventies, there was a gradual reassessment of what it means to be a victim of historical events. The driving force behind this transformation has been the scientific authorization of the idea that past experiences of traumatic events can cause long-term suffering. The phenomenon of trauma (including its long-term and transgenerational effects) has become not only the object of science and health care but also the topic of public culture disputes, moral judgments and resulting political claims. In the second part of the text, we focus on three mechanisms of transgenerational transmission. On the affective atmosphere of the social environment, personal stories told in a social-interactional environment and the effect of narrative interpretive frameworks of so-called cultural traumas. The three mentioned and only analytically different transfer mechanisms are unthinkable without reflecting what takes place in public culture and how shared and relevant cultural interpretations and symbolic meanings of suffering are born within it.