Experienced problems and coping with them in adolescence
|Year of publication
|MU Faculty or unit
|The study aims to identify the relationship between the structure and intensity of experienced problems, and the style of coping with them in the population of early adolescents. The study aims at the stability and change both in the problems and in the strategies of coping in ages 13 to 15, in the age of supposed transmission from early adolescence. The third part of our study relates the problems and coping with wider context of social functioning, e.g. social position of the adolescents, risk behavior or differences in coping across important life contexts. Study uses questionnaire for the identification of problems and coping in three different life contexts (family, school, peers), a sociometric rating method, questionnaire for the identification of risk behaviour, and personality questionnaire (e.g. NEO). Data were collected as a part of the ELSPAC study in the Czech Republic in two waves (at age 13 and 15), N = 453. Problem and coping data were factor analysed, scales tested for age differences, and correlated with the variables of social context. Six major problem areas and eight factors of the coping style were indentified. Some of them are important for the social position of adolescents in the classroom (e.g. factor of complex resolving is associated with helpfulness, lapsing of the control with conflicts), and they partly differ between life contexts. Coping strategies seem relatively stable for most of adolescents in time, except of the social isolation, which is much more prevalent in 15 with no major parallel in change of the structure of problems. We discuss the role of coping styles in adolescents social environment as a contextual characteristic and its role in individual development.