Publication details

Long-term fluctuations of floods in the Czech Republic

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Year of publication 2006
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Geophysical Research Abstracts, EGU General Assembly, Vol. 8
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Hydrology and limnology
Keywords floods; long term trends; Czech Republic
Description The paper presents results of analysis of flood series in the instrumental period for the Elbe,Děčín (1851 to 2003), the Vltava, Prague (1825 to 2003), the Ohře, Louny (1884 to 2003), the Odra, Bohumín (1896 to 2003) and the Morava, Kroměříž (1881 to 2003). Sea level pressure patterns based on PCA are analysed for floods of the winter synoptic type (snow melting, ice damming) and of summer synoptic type (heavy precipitation). There is a significant decrease in the number of floods and their severity (expressed by a return period of maximum peak discharges) from the 2nd part of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century. It is consistent with global warming with significant decrease in the number of winter floods. Above series of floods are extended into the pre-instrumental period based on different kinds of documentary evidence (e.g. narrative reports, newspapers, watermarks) and presented in decadal frequencies since the 15th century. The most disastrous floodings in the territory of the Czech Republic during past millennium were recorded in the years 1118, 1432, 1501, 1598, 1655, 1675, 1784, 1845, 1862, 1872, 1890, 1903, 1938, 1997, 2002. Since 1872 all catastrophic flood events were caused by extreme precipitation. Synthesis of documentary and instrumental floods shows long term flood trends with maximum of floods during the 19th century and the 2nd part of the 16th century. The 20th century belonged to relatively very quiet periods.
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