Publication details

Detoxification and oxidative stress responses along with microcystins accumulation in Japanese quail exposed to cyanobacterial biomass.



Year of publication 2008
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Science ot the Total Environment
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Water pollution and control
Keywords quail; cyanobacteria; oxidative stress; microcystin; detoxification
Description The cyanobacterial exposure has been implicated in mass mortalities of wild birds, but information on the actual effects of cyanobacteria on birds in controlled studies is missing. Effects on detoxification and antioxidant parameters as well as bioaccumulation of microcystins (MCs) were studied in birds after sub-lethal exposure to natural cyanobacterial biomass. Four treatment groups of model species Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were exposed to controlled doses of cyanobacterial bloom during acute (10 days) and subchronic (30 days) experiment. Significant accumulation of MCs was observed in the liver for both test durations and slight accumulation also in themuscles of the highest treatment group from acute test. The greatest accumulationwas observed in the liver of the highest treatment group in the acute test reaching average concentration of 43.7 ngMCs/g freshweight.The parameters of detoxification metabolism and oxidative stress were studied in the liver, heart and brain. The cyanobacterial exposure caused an increase of activity of cytochrome P-450-dependent 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase representing the activation phase of detoxification metabolism. Also the conjugation phase of detoxification, namely the activity of glutathione-S-transferase, was altered. Cyanobacterial exposure alsomodulated oxidative stress responses including the level of glutathione and activities of glutathione-related enzymes and caused increase in lipid peroxidation. The overall pattern of detoxification parameters and oxidative stress responses clearly separated the control and the lowest exposure group from all the higher exposed groups. This is the first controlled study documenting the induction of oxidative stress along with MCs accumulation in birds exposed to natural cyanobacterial biomass. The data also suggest that increased activities of detoxification enzymes could lead to greater biotransformation and elimination of the MCs at the longer exposure time.

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info